FxPro Help Centre - Glossary

Pip Value

In the forex market, "Pip Value" refers to the monetary value of a pip, which is the smallest price movement that a given exchange rate can make. The term "pip" stands for "percentage in point" or "price interest point" and represents the fourth decimal place in most currency pairs, except for those involving the Japanese yen, where it represents the second decimal place.

Calculation of Pip Value:

The calculation of pip value depends on several factors, including the currency pair being traded, the size of the trade (position size), and the quote currency of the trading account. The formula to calculate pip value varies based on whether the account is denominated in the same currency as the base currency, a different currency, or for cross-currency pairs.

For Currency Pairs with USD as Quote Currency:

If the USD is the quote currency (second currency) in the pair, such as EUR/USD, GBP/USD, or AUD/USD, the pip value is calculated as follows:

Pip Value = (Pip in decimal places) × Trade Size × Base Currency Exchange Rate

For Cross-Currency Pairs:

For cross-currency pairs, where neither currency is the U.S. dollar, the pip value calculation involves converting the pip value into the account currency based on the prevailing exchange rate.

Key Considerations:

  • Position Size: The pip value increases or decreases proportionally with the size of the trade. Larger position sizes result in higher pip values for each price movement.
  • Currency Pair: Different currency pairs have different pip values due to variations in exchange rates and pip increments. For example, one pip movement in EUR/USD may have a different monetary value compared to one pip movement in GBP/USD.
  • Account Currency: The pip value calculation may vary based on whether the trading account is denominated in the same currency as the base currency of the pair being traded or in a different currency.

Understanding the concept of pip value is essential for forex traders as it helps them calculate potential profits or losses per trade, manage risk effectively, and determine appropriate position sizes based on their trading strategy and account size.

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