FxPro Help Centre - Glossary

Market Depth

Market Depth, also known as the Order Book, refers to a real-time display of all buy and sell orders for a particular financial instrument at various price levels. It provides traders with insight into the current supply and demand dynamics in the market, allowing them to gauge potential price movements and market liquidity.

Key Aspects of Market Depth:

  • Bid and Ask Orders: Market Depth typically displays two main components: bid orders (representing buy interest) and ask orders (representing sell interest). These orders are arranged in descending order of price for bids and ascending order of price for asks.
  • Price Levels: Market Depth shows the quantity of orders at different price levels, allowing traders to see the depth of the market beyond the best bid and ask prices displayed on the regular trading screen.
  • Depth of Liquidity: By observing Market Depth, traders can assess the depth of liquidity in the market and identify potential support and resistance levels based on clusters of buy and sell orders at specific price levels.
  • Market Sentiment: Changes in Market Depth, such as the appearance or disappearance of large orders, can indicate shifts in market sentiment and potential price direction.
  • Execution Strategy: Traders may use Market Depth to develop execution strategies, such as scalping or momentum trading, by analyzing order flow and liquidity dynamics to enter and exit positions more effectively.
  • Order Flow Analysis: Market Depth enables traders to analyze the order flow by tracking changes in the number and size of orders at different price levels, helping them anticipate market movements and make informed trading decisions.

Market Depth is a valuable tool for traders, providing transparency and insight into the underlying market dynamics. It allows traders to make more informed decisions by understanding the supply and demand dynamics at different price levels, ultimately enhancing their ability to navigate the markets effectively.