FxPro Help Centre - Glossary


In the forex market, "slippage" refers to the difference between the expected price of a trade and the actual price at which the trade is executed. It occurs when market conditions cause delays between the time a trader places an order and the time it is executed. Slippage can result in a trade being executed at a less favorable price than originally intended, leading to unexpected losses or reduced profits.

Causes of Slippage:

  • Market Volatility: During periods of high market volatility, such as news announcements or major economic events, liquidity may decrease, and price movements can be rapid. This can lead to slippage as orders are filled at prices different from the expected ones.
  • Liquidity: Slippage is more likely to occur in markets with low liquidity, where there are fewer buyers and sellers. In such conditions, large orders may need to be filled over multiple price levels, resulting in slippage.
  • Order Size: Larger trade orders may experience more slippage as they require more liquidity to be executed at the desired price. In times of low liquidity, large orders may need to be broken down into smaller ones, increasing the risk of slippage.
  • Market Order Execution: Market orders, which are executed at the prevailing market price, are more susceptible to slippage, especially in fast-moving markets. Limit orders, on the other hand, specify a price at which the trader is willing to execute the trade and may help reduce slippage.

Impact of Slippage:

  • Increased Trading Costs: Slippage can lead to higher trading costs as traders may end up paying more for a trade than anticipated.
  • Reduced Profitability: Slippage can erode profits, particularly for short-term traders who rely on small price movements for their trading strategies.
  • Risk Management: Slippage can affect risk management strategies by altering the expected risk-reward ratio of trades. Traders should account for potential slippage when setting stop-loss and take-profit levels.

Managing Slippage:

  • Using Limit Orders: Placing limit orders allows traders to specify the maximum price at which they are willing to buy or sell, helping to mitigate slippage.
  • Monitoring Market Conditions: Being aware of market events and liquidity conditions can help traders anticipate potential slippage and adjust their trading strategies accordingly.
  • Testing Execution Speed: Choosing a broker with fast and reliable order execution can help minimize slippage, especially during periods of high market volatility.

While slippage is a common occurrence in the forex market, traders can take steps to manage and minimize its impact on their trading performance.